Geography - Climate and Weather

Since Malaysia is located close to the equator, Kelantan experiences hot and humid weather all year round with rainfalls totaling about 2500 mm a year. The average temperature of Kelantan is 27C. Heavy rains are expected during the monsoon season period. The monsoon season for the east coast begins in November and ends in February. Rains will get lesser during the months from April through March and again during October and November.

Shopping Guide

The place to do your shopping in Kelantan would be at the Pasar Siti Khadijah which is located in Kota Bahru. Here, various goods are sold. Right beside the Pasar Siti Khadijah is the Kota Bahru Trade Center which is known to be the largest shopping mall in Kota Bahru. The Pasar Siti Khadijah and the Kota Bahru Trade Center are connected to each other via an overpass located at the second floor. Other places to shop include the KB Mall (Pacific), Pelangi Mall, Billion Shopping Center, Pantai Timur, The Store, Kota Seri Mutiara and many more. Other hypermarkets have also set foot in Kelantan. The hypermarkets include the Tesco hypermarket, Mydin mall and the Giant hypermarket.

Dining / Restaurant

There are many local specialties in Kelantan. One of the most popular delicacies in Kelantan is its Nasi Dagang. The Nasi Dagang is a mix of white rice and brown glutinous rice that is cooked with coconut milk, garlic, spices and onions. The rice is usually eaten with chicken or fish curry and a mild brown sugared chili paste. Another specialty would be the Nasi Kerabu. There are many types of Nasi Kerabu bit they are usually served with a matching traditional chili paste along with some edible greens. It is also served with fried breaded fish, salted egg and a special sauce called the budu. Another famous rice dish is the Nasi Tumpang. This is rice packed in a cone-shaped banana leaf. It usually consists of an omelette, meat floss, chicken or shrimp curry and sweet gravy. Famous restaurants in Kelantan include the Food Village Restaurant, Yati Ayam Percik as well as Satay Malaysia.


There are many places of interest in Kelantan. One of them is the Istana Jahar (Jahar Palace). The palace used to be the royal residence in Kota Bahru. It was built back in 1855 by the Sultan Muhammad II of Kelantan for Long Kundur, his grandson. Today, the palace is the house of the Museums of Royal Traditions and Customs of Kelantan. Another place to visit would be the Pintu Gerbang Kota Sultan Ismail Petra. This arch was built to commemorate the declaration of Kota Bahru as a cultural city. This was to preserve the Malay culture. The move was spearheaded by Sultan Ismail Petra which the arch was named after. The Central Market is also worth a visit. It is also known as the Pasar Siti Khadijah which is mentioned earlier. This is a great place to shop.


Kelantan offers many hotels to choose from. In the recent years, tourism in Kelantan has improved greatly due to the promotion of the great locations and places of interest in Kelantan. Among the hotels in Kelantan include Crystal Lodge Kota Bahru, Grand Riverview Kota Bahru, Suria Hotel, Ridel Hotel and many more.



The public transport in the east coast is not as well connected like in the west. The means of public transport that you can opt for is the taxi or the bus. It would be much more convenient if you have your own car. If you do not, there are many cars for rent in Kelantan.



Siti Khadijah Market (Pasar besar Siti Khadijah), as its name implies, is a local wet market. Its name after Prophet Muhammad's wife, whom is known for her entrepreneurial skill, as this market is mostly run by women. Apart from the usual fresh goodies like seafood, vegetables and wide variety of fruits, you can also find ready-to eat food like 'ayam percik', nasi ulam and a variety of noodle soups, all unique in flavors and taste of Kelantan, serves freshly for you. Not to forget to taste the local desserts like 'kuih muih' (cake sort of), tempeh and a glass of hot milk tea, which is the staple drink for Kelantanese.



Istana Balai Besar (The Grand Place) is a single story palace built by Sultan Muhammad II over 170 years ago, as the official residence of past sultans. It is believed that bullfights used to be held in the palace for official Royal ceremonies until mid-1900. The palace is now used for official state functions and is not open to public. Another palace built by Sultan Muhammad II is the Jahar Palace (Istana Jahar). It was built for his grandson, and it was built up from wood, furnished with unique wood carvings.
Handicraft Village and Craft Museum, also known as 'Balai Getam Guri' in local language, is a place to showcase local handicraft industry in Kelantan, and it's supported by the state government. It's a fine craft museum, houses many Kelantanese craftsmanship, including traditional embroidery, batik, silverware and matting. Interestingly, curious visitor have the opportunity to witness and learn the process of making those craft, where demonstration of traditional embroidery, songket weaving and batik drawing are done skilfully by the artists. Souvenirs are available for sales as well.
Istana Jahar (Jahar Palace) is built by Sultan Muhamad 11 in 1887 for his grandson Long Kundur. It has luxurious woodcarvings that showcase the excellent craftsmanship of the Kelantanese. Apart from that, photographs, artifacts and traditional handicraft reflect on the Kelantan rich and sophisticated heritage. The palace is now converted to a museum, to share the uniqueness and beauty to the world. There are also a Malay Weapon Gallery which house many unique weapons such as keris and pisau. The museum is open daily from 8.30 a.m to 5.45 p.m except for Fridays.
Pantai Cahaya Bulan (formerly known as Pantai Cinta Beach / Beach of Passionate Love) was believe to name by a lovelorn British soldier during the World War Two. Till today, there are some locals still prefer to us the old name. It has a beautiful long and wide sandy beach, a popular spot for family outings and picnics. It also have a variety of water sports and horse riding. There are some food stalls and restaurants along the beach, which offers fresh barbeque seafood.
Opening from 5.00 p.m. to 1.00 a.m. daily, the restaurant is never hesitant to serve their best quality food on your table. The food in the restaurant is served in a buffet style, thus, it is recommended for you to bring along your whole group of friends and family to indulge in this unforgettable dining experience. There are various types of food you can choose from, such as seafood (shrimp, sotong, fish), chicken, vegetables, and also, the local Kelantan cuisines.
Wakaf Che Yeh, which is known for its night market, stands in sharp contrast today to when it first started, about 10 years ago.
When it was set up, many thought its location on the outskirts of the state capital was not viable for a night market.

Even the traders who were originally based at the Jalan Hamzah wholesale market in the centre of town were reluctant to move for fear there would be no business. 

Today, with business conducted 24 hours a day, it is the busiest place here, especially at night; visitors will be lucky if they can find a parking lot then.

The cheek-by-jowl stalls and carnival-like atmosphere are a far cry from its humble beginnings as a muddy trading site with stalls erected haphazardly and uncoordinated activities.

Wakaf Che Yeh is unique because it operates as a wet market by day and a night market from dusk to midnight. Then, from midnight to early morning, it functions as a wholesale market where fresh fruit, vegetables and other goods can be found.
The attraction is the variety of items for sale, from cheap Thai-made T-shirts and jeans and household goods to the well-known local batik, at a price which is among the cheapest in Kelantan.

It is also the main place to shop for big occasions, like Hari Raya, but last-minute shopping in the area means having to squeeze through the swollen crowd of returnees, outstation folk who have come back to celebrate the big day. 

As is usual in the state, a sizeable number of traders are women, but there are also many men trying to earn a living here.
Wakaf Che Yeh along Jalan Kuala Krai in Kota Bharu is a favourite shopping destination inKelantan and attracts people from all over. This place is actually a huge 24-hour market, which is more active at night when traders set up numerous stalls selling unusual local food, exotic tropical fruits, cheap clothes, second hand goods as well as fresh produce.
Wat Phothivihan was completed in 1979 and is famous for its Reclining Buddha statue. It is often mistakenly described as South East Asia's biggest reclining Buddha but that honour goes to the one at the Chauk Htet Gyi Pagoda in Yangon, Myanmar which is 66 meters long. But it is Malaysia's biggest with a length of 40 meters, 7 meters longer than the next biggest contender, Wat Chaiya Mangakalaram in Penang.
The craftsmanship of the statue is fairly simple when compared to similar but more elaborate reclining Buddhas in say Thailand or Myanmar.
The statue is housed in a hanger surrounded by murals and smaller statues.
Underneath and to the rear of the Reclining Buddha is a columbarium (a vault with recesses to deposit urns containing the ashes of the departed).

Contact info


Deputy Dean Office (Research)
School of Dental Sciences
Universiti Sains Malaysia
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Thursday, 17 January 2019